while creativity is an essential aspect of philosophical discourse reason and argument from an important aspect of objectivity and authenticity of the best discourses in philosophy.

Book – Chapter 2: Reason and argument
Institutional affiliation

Book – Chapter 2: Reason and argument
Assignment one presentation
Title: Reason and Argument
Thesis: while creativity is an essential aspect of philosophical discourse reason and argument from an important aspect of objectivity and authenticity of the best discourses in philosophy.
I. Introduction
A. The purpose of the chapter is to outline reason and reason as important entities in critical and creative thinking. Communication is an integral part of human life. One of the things that people seek to achieve whenever they speak is to convince others.
B. Conviction encompasses presenting arguments objectively and reasonably. In this case, for proper communication to occur, it is the obligation of the speaker to adhere to reason and argument as the major entities of valid assertions.
II. Conceptual framework for developing an argument
A. For any a successful argument, the speaker should organize his or her ideas systematically. This ensures that every detail of the argument topic is captured.
B. The next step should be to evaluate one’s audience. The type of audience determines the diction, the sentence structures, and the kind of approach to use.
III. Toulmin’s model of argument
A. According to Toulmin, the success of an argument depends on logic and implicature. As such, logic depicts the ability to reason and remain objective throughout the argument.
B. Implicature, on the other hand, gives the argument a sense of aesthetics and artistic beauty. Here language can be used metaphorically.
IV. The role of context in arguments
A. Arguments are context based, and therefore the kind of approach that one uses relies on the context of the situation.
B. Notably, situation change with each passing day and as a result, what suits one context may be inappropriate for another context.
V. Conclusion
Overall, any successful argument should take into consideration the different aspects of proper communicative skills. Communication is all about using the right diction, understanding the recipients of the message, and organizing the argument simply and systematically.
Assignment 2: written outline
Book – Chapter 2: co orienting an argument
Title: outline on the topic co orienting an argument
Thesis: while it is important for every person’s point of view to be heard, the manner in which an argument is articulated is paramount in ensuring that the message is relayed in an objective and sound manner.
I. Conceptual framework for developing an argument
A. Reason and argument stem from the philosophical discords of logic as postulated by Aristotle. Here, the ancient philosophers such as Aristotle asserted that the key to any form of communication is having a clear and concrete argument.
B. In a way, an argument should always appeal to ethos, pathos, and logos. Rhetorical appeals are valid only and if they allude personal expectations and emotions of the recipients.
II. Toulmin’s model of argument
A. The importance of logic and implicature cannot be underestimated because conviction relies heavily on the integral part of the message, which should be based on the facts and logical appeals of the argument.
B. Coherence and cohesion are also important aspects of an argument because people understand the message by linking the way every word and sentence express its meaning.
III. Arguments and context
A. an argument should be well grounded on the context because people believe in what they can associate with and not necessarily the truth behind the assertions.
B. On the other hand, people will always want to hear the facts of the message for them to believe or take side in an argument.
IV. Conclusion
Arguments should be anchored on the discords of logos, ethos, and pathos because people’s perception of message depends on how the speaker packages the message.
Inch, E., & Tudor, S. (2014). Critical Thinking and Communication: The Use of Reason in Argument, seventh Edition, California State University.