The access, as well as the use of media, form a significant part of all people living in the world.

What is the Effects of Media Violence on the Youth?’’
Shayan Mohamed
1017623
Thursday October 4th, 2018

Introduction
The access, as well as the use of media, form a significant part of all people living in the world. Media is currently integrated into our lives since a day can rarely go without having interacted with any kind of media. Media is used for both entertainment purposes as well as for entertainment purposes. Despite the several media advantages of media, violence is the primary view associated with media. This research paper will address the question ‘‘what is the effects of media violence on the youth?’’ The discussion explores the overall impact of media violence among youths in the society, that is, the positive and negative impact media violence on youth.
Annotated Bibliography
Khalid, Hakim. Bhat, Akhtar. Mehra, Hakeem. 2014. ‘‘Impacts OF Media on Society: A Sociological Perspective.’’ VI Media Effects: 59-62. Accessed October 4th, 2018. http://www.ijhssi.org/papers/v3(6)/Version-4/L0364056064.pdf
The topic of this article is based on both the negative and positive impacts that the electronic media has on society. Furthermore, it finds that there are many different versions of electronic media such as video games, television, cell phones apps such as Instagram that affect different types of segments. The existence of the long-term media effects is due to the learning process leading to the negative interpretation schemas that support the belief associated with social behaviors thus reducing the sensitivity of violent act in society. Another finding of this article is that it provides different sociological theories showing how the media has a way of either helping people cope with their problems or encouraging them to act violently. This article is useful for my paper because it shows statistics showing how society is several in a number of different ways as well as showing both the negative and positive benefits on teens.
Huesmann, L. Taylor, Laramie. 2006. ‘‘THE ROLE OF MEDIA VIOLENCE IN VIOLENT BEHAVIOR.’’ DEFINITIONS AND DISTINCTIONS: 395-400. Accessed October 4th, 2018. https://www.annualreviews.org/doi/pdf/10.1146/annurev.publhealth.26.021304.144640
This article shows how the electronic media influences a person’s behaviour through visually seeing violent acts by watching television or playing aggressive video games. The findings of this article describe the long-term and short-term consequences of being exposed to the violent media and that this not only affects the youth, but also adults too. Also, the methodology for this study involves surveys of the number of people who act violently depending on the type of electronic exposure based on cross-sectional surveys held in the United States. I find this article to be quite useful for my paper, because its show not only theories explaining the repercussions of violent media sources, but it also provides scientific evidence showing that violence can be encouraged through visually seeing aggressive behavior on screen.
Felson, Richard.1996. ‘‘MASS MEDIA EFFECTS ON VIOLENT BEHAVIOR.’’ THEORETICAL EXPLANATIONS INVOLVING SOCIALIZATION: 116-123. Accessed on October 4th, 2018. https://www.annualreviews.org/doi/pdf/10.1146/annurev.soc.22.1.103
The article explains the different outcomes of watching television as well as the negative and positive effect it has on an audience through several sociological theories. It finds that there is a point of view of watching TV, where some people are too fearful to behave violently due to how it is sometimes promoted, whereas it could also encourage a type of ‘‘copy cat’’ behavior based on learning certain unwanted skills. Further it finds that television has a way of educating an audience by providing them with an idea of whether or not acting a certain way is worth it (the consequences). The article is useful to my paper, because it provides me with the pros and cons of watching television.
Nevins, Tara. 2004. ‘‘The Effects of Media Violence on Adolescent Health.’’ III. Effects of Media Violence: 6-11. https://pgs.ca/wp-content/uploads/2008/03/effectsofmediaviolence_final.pdf
This article describes the benefits and issues of media violence through means of visual imagery as well as the sociological interpretations of violence for the youth. Furthermore, it finds that violence can be interpreted differently based on the different theories such as the learning theories while stating that it encourages fear and anxiety which thus reduces violence and confidents. The methodology for this article includes an experiment called the General Affective Aggression Model (GAAM), which tests how aggression is amplified by the exposure to the violent media in the form of television and video games which testing for long-term and short-term impacts of media violence. This article is extremely useful for my paper, because it not only contains several theories describing the negative and positive impacts of media violence, but it also describes the different ways in which violence is promoted for the younger audience.
Anderson, Craig. 2016. Media Violence Effects on Children, Adolescents and Young Adults. ‘‘AGGRESSION AND VIOLENCE’’, 60-61. Accessed October 4th, 2018. https://public.psych.iastate.edu/caa/abstracts/2015-2019/16A2.pdf
This article describes several topics including the short-term and long-term effects of media violence on aggressive behavior, the ways in which violence is promoted, and the magnitude of influence that media violence has on youth. In addition, it finds that children exposed to long durations of the violent TV or video games will be led down a violent path, leading inevitably to committing crimes, as well as the fact that violence shown on the media can potentially have the same outcome as having abusive parents. This article can be useful to my paper because it not only describes how big of an influence media violence has on the aggressive behavior of teens, but it also shows the different ways the media violence impacts children.
The ways in which violence are promoted and the overall influence on youth violent
The exposure of young kids to violence is rapidly increasing in the world due to widespread video gaming as well as a television that is used widely in the world (Melde & Esbensen, 2013). It is appalling to observe what the video games and programs on television are no longer depicting violence to have a negative impact on the youths (Sousa, et al, 2011). The National Television Violence Survey evaluates the volume of violence content among the televisions in the united states for last three years to continue increasing. According to the survey, more than 60% of all the shows on television have violent content for the youths whereas only 4% of the programs are anti-violence to the youths viewing them (Sousa, et al, 2011). Humour is observed to involved and over 75% of violent activities were not punished.
My first argument would be to explain the different types of media sources that promote violence such as video games, TV and music, in addition, I plan to specifically discuss the ways in which these sources of violence are displayed and how they influence youth based on the social theories. I will then be using statistics that show both the long-term and short-term impacts that exposure to a violent media has on a younger audience. Furthermore, I will be addressing how small or large that impact television and video games have on the youth. This topic is crucial since there are both positive and negative effects of violence shown by the media and so it is important to justify that violence in the media isn’t a major influence on youth aggression.
The positive impact on youth
Although the use of media and internet among the youths exposes them to violence risk that negatively affects their reasoning, media as well have a positive influence on the kids. Social media, for instance, assist in building the social relationship among the youths as the making of new friends is easier through platforms such as Facebook. Youths are able to build a relationship by knowing one another better as they share ideas over the internet. Media also acts as a good source of entertainment to the youths as the majority of them love songs. Keeping kids updated on the current issues happening in the world is promoted by media and use of the internet (Melde & Esbensen, 2013).
The use of social media sites allows faster communication among the youths in a fluent manner and references can be made in case of any abuse of platforms such as WhatsApp, twitter and Facebook. Writing of updates takes seconds for them to feature across the social media networks (Sousa, et al, 2011). Youths education is also enhanced through the use of internet and social media networks. Facebook and WhatsApp groups formed by the youths allow them to share ideas that are useful in improving their education standards. Academic groups are used by the teenagers for updates on their study programs as getting in touch with one another is easy.
My second argument would be describing the positive effects that media violence has on youth. Then, I plan to discuss the factors that influence teens from avoiding violence such as fear of not feeling accepted by others, and the trend of treated exactly the same as everyone else. Next, I tend to use the catharsis theory to explain that being exposed to a certain amount of violence such as by playing video games or by watching gruesome films would actually allow a person to vent of his or her frustration (Huesmann, Taylor, 2006). Furthermore, I plan to discuss the concept of costs and benefits and how the media usually shines a light on violent behaviors as being wrongful against society.
The negative impact on youth
In the world today, media and internet have become the source of attention for both the kids and parents. Parents continue to become more concern with the negative impacts of media violence on the mind of the kids (Melde & Esbensen, 2013). Violence as well as pornographic materials available over the internet form the primary concerns of the parents about the children getting access to internet materials. Several individuals believe that the increase media violence on both television and video games are not fun since the rate at which the young people commits violence is rapidly rising. Reviewing the materials that the youths get access to is necessary for reducing the negative effects of media violence in the society among the kids (Huesmann, Taylor, 2006).
In my third argument, a discuss on the negative repercussions of media violence on youth is presented. I will be using the social theories that describe the effect of how seeing violence on TV can be learned and mimicked, as well as the normalization belief that certain teens believe violence is accepted due to the fact that other people can get away with it (Sousa, et al, 2011). Furthermore, I will explain the aggressive cues theory, which states that the youth will try to relate to certain character or wrongdoers and would act just as violent as those characters.
Conclusion
In summary, there is an inverse association between media violence and individual level of sensitivity. The average sensitivity among the youths is lower since they are not widely exposed to media violence. Therefore, it is considered appropriate to conclude that media violence does not make the youths to become desensitized. Youths education is also enhanced through the use of internet and social media networks. Facebook and WhatsApp groups formed by the youths allow them to share ideas that are useful in improving their education standards. From the National Television Violence Survey, the volume of violence content among the televisions in the United States for last three years is shown to rise.

References
Anderson, Craig. 2016. Media Violence Effects on Children, Adolescents and Young Adults. ‘‘AGGRESSION AND VIOLENCE’’, 60-61. Accessed October 4th, 2018. https://public.psych.iastate.edu/caa/abstracts/2015-2019/16A2.pdf
Felson, Richard.1996. ‘‘MASS MEDIA EFFECTS ON VIOLENT BEHAVIOR.’’ THEORETICAL EXPLANATIONS INVOLVING SOCIALIZATION: 116-123. Accessed on October 4th, 2018. https://www.annualreviews.org/doi/pdf/10.1146/annurev.soc.22.1.103
Huesmann, L. Taylor, Laramie. 2006. ‘‘THE ROLE OF MEDIA VIOLENCE IN VIOLENT BEHAVIOR.’’ DEFINITIONS AND DISTINCTIONS: 395-400. Accessed October 4th, 2018. https://www.annualreviews.org/doi/pdf/10.1146/annurev.publhealth.26.021304.144640
Khalid, Hakim. Bhat, Akhtar. Mehra, Hakeem. 2014. ‘‘Impacts OF Media on Society: A Sociological Perspective.’’ VI Media Effects: 59-62. Accessed October 4th, 2018. http://www.ijhssi.org/papers/v3(6)/Version-4/L0364056064.pdf
Melde, C., & Esbensen, F. A. (2013). Gangs and violence: Disentangling the impact of gang membership on the level and nature of offending. Journal of quantitative criminology, 29(2), 143-166.
Nevins, Tara. 2004. ‘‘The Effects of Media Violence on Adolescent Health.’’ III. Effects of Media Violence: 6-11. https://pgs.ca/wp-content/uploads/2008/03/effectsofmediaviolence_final.pdf
Sousa, C., Herrenkohl, T. I., Moylan, C. A., Tajima, E. A., Klika, J. B., Herrenkohl, R. C., & Russo, M. J. (2011). Longitudinal study on the effects of child abuse and children’s exposure to domestic violence, parent-child attachments, and antisocial behavior in adolescence. Journal of interpersonal violence, 26(1), 111-136.