Paper Format: Number of pages: Type of work: Type of paper: Sources needed MLA 3 Double spaced Writing from scratch Essay No specific sources required Subject English Topic Lars Eighner "on Dumpster Diving" Barbara Ehrenreich "Serving In Florida" Academic Level: Bachelor Paper details What comparisons and contrasts can be made with how the writers view homelessness, the middle class and low wage jobs. Are the writers hopeful about what their circumstances or have they given into society's expectations? Essay: 2 to 3 pages (excluding the Works Cited page) Needs: Clear topic sentences Thesis Statements Include: Two sentences from Eighner and two sentences from Ehrenreich. One sentence from the outside source newspaper. (Wall Street Journal or New York Times only). in-text citation Works Cited

Homelessness, the middle class and low wage jobs
The gap between the poor and the rich continues to widen with each passing day. In a highly capitalistic world, the rich always grab the available resources and exploit the poor. As such, the rich are focused towards accumulating more wealth and due to this form of exploitation; the poor continue to languish in poverty. Homelessness and low wage jobs are huge problems that many people have had to face in the recent past. The people earning low wages are among the growing number of homeless population. These are problems that need to be addressed as major crises affecting the society. Eighner says, “The necessities of daily life I began to extract from Dumpsters. Yes, we ate from Dumpsters” (87). At the same time Barbara has to take double job so as to pay for her rent. She only survives by working overtime, “…you enter into what servers call a “rhythm” and psychologists term a “flow state,” where signals pass directly from the sense organs to the muscles, bypassing the cerebral cortex, and a Zen-like emptiness sets in” (33).
In his short story, “on Dumpster Diving” Lars Eighner describes the state of being homeless and how he has to survive in tough economic times despite having a job as a driver. Eighner instead of being referred to as a dumpster driver wants to be called a scavenger. He says that he lives from the refuse of others. This is a metaphorical statement implying that for Eighner to earn a living, he has to survive by working for the rich who then exploit him. It is so unfortunate that even though he has a job cannot afford a decent house. Eighner’s experiences represent what most of the homeless undergo in their bid to earn a living. This shows that the greedy nature of the rich people who exploit their workers with the aim of ensuring that they garner maximum profits. Eighner observes that scavenging is a full time and for an individual to survive, he or she has to make the right timing. This is clear indication that the poor is gaining knowledge and information about his rights and there is hope that those exploited would soon defy the orders of the rich and would demand better pay (Eighner 356). According to Eighner the middle class are so insensitive that they devalue the poor little do they know that as Eighner puts it, “one person’s trash is another person’s treasure” (384). In a way, Eighner represents the vulnerable in the society who have to be controlled by the bourgeois class.
Barbara Ehrenreich in “Serving In Florida” represents the middle class in the society. She secures a low wage job, and despite all the tough job conditions the employer is arrogant and reprimands her on everything. Barbara does not like the fact that she cannot get a house that she desires due to her little income. As such, she equates herself to the homeless claiming that the salary she is earning is not even enough to cater for her basic needs. At one point she acknowledges that she cannot be picky about her job and choosing a career is a preserve of the wealthy people in society. Barbara is confronted with the reality of unemployment and finally ends up working as a waitress a job that she had negative memories of since she was a teenager.
The New York times has also captured the predicament of homelessness in new York city by assertion , “An annual survey in February found that about 3,900 people were living on sidewalks, in subways, in parks and in isolated areas, like the embankment”( Nikita 1)

It is out of income gap that homelessness, low wage jobs as well as the rise in the middle class have emerged as significant topics in the contemporary world. It is upon this backdrop that Lars Eighner and Barbara Ehrenreich explore the social issues of today in their literary oeuvres “on Dumpster Diving” and “Serving In Florida” respectively. Both authors concur with the fact that most of the atrocities that are evident in today’s world emanate from capitalistic ideologies that have to a large extent promoted individualism, greed, extortion, fraud among other social upheavals. The authors argue that greed and corruption among other social upheavals are major causes of income disparities since the rich steal all the resources at the expense of the poor.
The resources are only available to the few people in power. To the rest of the poor people, they have to live as second-class citizens and slaves of the middle class and the rich. The poor have to accept the low wage jobs for them to survive. Both authors agree that for the globe to actualize economically there is need to ensure income equality. Their principal argument is that capitalism is tearing apart any form of progress by encouraging greed and exploitation. The authors despite the existing challenges are hopeful that time will come when the poor will learn of their rights, and as a result, they will be able to fight for their right position in the society. For the world to acquire full economic growth, all the nations must be involved. The rich nations should, therefore, help the emerging nations in regards to economic growth. According to Eighner, we all need each other to create wealth. As a result, the developed nations should pull the least developed states and abandon the capitalistic ideologies that continue to oppress the developing nations. On the issue of homelessness, for instance, the authors assert that this is a condition that has been created largely by lack of proper housing planning and economic disparities. Homelessness results from an influx of immigrants from a different country. It is worth noting that when a government is unable to provide employment and other opportunities to its citizens, the citizens will migrate to other countries in search of greener pastures. Since the host country cannot accommodate all the immigrants the issue of homelessness emerges.


Works cited
Barbara Ehrenreich “”Serving In Florida” Research and Teaching in Developmental Education, vol. 20, no. 2, 2004, pp. 59–75.
Eighner, Lars “On Dumpster Diving,” New England Journal of Public Policy: Vol. 8 : Iss. 1 , Article 7,1992.
Nikita Stewart , City Expands Services as More Become Homeless, Even with a Job, The new York times, July 19, 2017