In this paper, I am observing the case of Annie, who wants to make the right choice concerning her future career.

CAREER COUNSELING INTERVIEW
NAME AND SURNAME
EDUCATIONAL INSTITUTION

Part 1
In this paper, I am observing the case of Annie, who wants to make the right choice concerning her future career. Annie is a middle-aged lady, the first born in her family. She is single and not ready to get married. She feels that the job of running the family business that she has been forced to is not her right place. However, though the gas station business has exposed Annie to different people, she hates socializing. She is not sociable at all since she has poor social skills, and now Annie feels like she is ready to start another career where she would spend much of her time indoors. The dilemma, however, is that she does not know the perfect job where she can fit best. I am performing the role of the interviewer, whose task is to observe the case of the client thoroughly and implement theoretical material for making the appropriate judgments.
Sometimes, it is difficult to make the right decisions about one’s future career, as it requires a strong determination and clear understanding of own preferences and abilities. However, it is twice more difficult to make the right choice when there is no support from the family and constant imposition of social norms. The task of my essay is to observe the career case of my client from different perspectives and present my understanding of the situation. I will also provide the most appropriate advice. According to the career development theory by Holland, each person is looking for the occupation, which will suit his preferences by using the skills and abilities. The occupation should allow an individual to express their values freely.
A scrutiny of Annie’s story, ascertains that she is an introvert and does not love to socialize often and prefers working in indoor jobs. According to Holland’s theory (1997), “people can be divided into personality types, each of which expresses their tendency to some work” (p. 46). I believe that Annie belongs to the conventional personality type, as she likes working indoors and performing the tasks, which require correct organizing and being accurate. Besides, it does not involve social skills, which Ann lacks.
The career development theory states that all people should be free in choosing their future career. However, this process is often restrained by some interfering issues, such as family and personal barriers. Therefore, it is important to remove those factors first, which impede the seeking of congruence. The impact of the family is usually very influential, as a person is exposed to the opinion of close people. The problem is that this impact is not always beneficial for the person herself. Within Annie’s context, it is clear that her family has forced her to run the family business, although her interests and preferences are not inclined in that field of business.
Consequently, her introvert and perfectionist nature has negatively influenced the development of her social skills and made her reluctant to work with people. Besides, Annie has forgotten her personal and career preferences and as such she is uncertain of what she wants to be involved in the future. According to the career development theory, it is necessary to remove each barrier, which prevents a person from making the right choice. According to my client’s story, the imposition of her family and her uncertainty are the major barriers, which make her reluctant to attend job interviews, look for the congruent position and move further. Therefore, the first step in finding the appropriate decision lies in getting rid of all external and internal barriers.
Part 2
In my opinion, Annie should attend the interview, which would help her to realize the negative effects of relevant interventions, to the barriers that she is experiencing daily. For making such interview as effective as possible, it is necessary to implement the Motivational interviewing theory, the Positive Uncertainty theory, and lifespan theory. According to Duane Brown (2002), “the motivational Interviewing theory is very effective in the task of establishing trustful atmosphere between the client and the interviewer” (p. 169). For achieving this, it is advisable to start from effectively listening to the client’s vision of the situation and provide her with the possibility to speak out. Then, it is necessary to pass the conversation and start to discuss her current goals and values, which helps to get to know a lot about her vision regarding her future career. Besides, the interviewer should avoid arguments, confrontation, and express understanding, if the client is reluctant to discuss some issues.
According to Robert Reardon (1999), “a person should change his perception of himself to cope with his uncertainty and start making the right decision”(p. 108). The interviewer aims to make a client aware of the harmful impact of self-doubt and other psychological barriers. According to Susan Barclay (2011), “the implementation of this theory can help to overcome uncertainties and inner doubts” (p. 392). For instance, Annie should understand that her previous unhappy experience of working should not interfere with her future opportunities. It is time that Annie realizes that she has enough strength and abilities to change everything she wants and become involved in the sphere she enjoys. The aim of this part of the interview is to activate Annie’s motivation and draw the parallel between her current behavior and the possibility to achieve the goal. It is necessary to lead Annie smoothly towards the positive implementation of these steps and changes, for the sake of better career and future opportunities. “The life-span theory is aimed at making the client understand the importance of constant changes in order to move forward towards the fulfilment of an individual’s dreams” (Holland, p. 128). Therefore, Annie should understand that she should spare no efforts on the way to her dream career and should not be afraid to make the necessary adjustments.
The next step of my interview with Annie lies in identifying three counseling goals in regards to her future career. However, these goals should be based on the results of some tests and checking, which show the inclinations of Annie to some work. It was already mentioned above that Annie belongs to the conventional personality type, as she likes working indoors. However, Annie has been working in the wrong social surrounding, which has not provided her with the possibility to express her social skills. Recently, Annie has been involved in after work discussions and interactions with people, which have shown her ability to cooperate with other people. Therefore, the first counseling goal for Annie is to expand her social contacts and interactive abilities by meeting new people and establishing working contacts with them. The interview will help her come to understand the factors, which are holding her back and preventing her from achieving her career goals. As noted earlier, the imposition of the family and the obligations bestowed to her by her parents are the major barriers barring Annie from making decisive steps.
Besides, Annie lacks self-confidence and has many doubts concerning her future career. Therefore, the second counseling goal for Annie would be to get rid of external impositions and feelings of being obliged to someone. Annie should understand that it is wrong to let other people decide for herself: she should put her interests higher than anything else. She should understand that choosing the right career is a more difficult task than even running the family business. As a result, she should be committed to the cause and use, the necessary resources to advance her bid for a successful career.
The third counseling goal for Annie is to set long-term goals and expectations. From such a step, she will understand her goals in life, and as such, this will be highly beneficial for her personal development.
I am satisfied with the experience I got in the process of working with Annie. I enjoyed getting deep into someone’s personality and seeking to help a person fulfill their goals in life. Besides, it was interesting for me to learn more about the culture of the client and the tendency to work hard for the benefit of the family.
However, some issues appeared to be challenging for me. For instance, it was a complicated task for me to encourage Annie to forgo the family expectations and focus on her ambitions in life. This is contrary to her culture since family should always come first. Now I understand that culture is inseparable from one’s thoughts and aspirations. I have realized that in helping a person make important decisions in their life, culture should be considered at all the time. I should have implemented another approach to make Annie feel more comfortable during the interaction.
Part 3
I also advised Annie to visit three working events, which would motivate her to establish industry-specific connections. For instance, I advised her to visit women’s group “Thrive woman’s career empowerment conference,” and multicultural groups such as “Los Angeles,” “18th Annual Employment Day Career Fair,” and for fun “Relish speed dating event.” In my opinion, these events are very useful for Annie as a potential worker. First, Annie has problems with her social skills and finds it difficult to communicate with other people. These conferences aim to improve her skills of interacting and finding the common traits. Attending these groups will help Annie to get to know about various careers and their requirements.
As a result, Annie will get to know about different occupations and try her hand at them. Additionally, these events are aimed at expanding social contacts of Annie: she will find more friends and people with similar working backgrounds. I am sure, that attending these events will help her to learn something new about the importance and necessity of being a social person, which will encourage her to change her mind concerning choosing the future career.
In my opinion, it is necessary to prepare for these events in advance. For instance, it would be beneficial to read about the content and structure of these events to be ready for possible variations of presenting new information. Secondly, it is necessary to prepare the list of questions you would like to ask to facilitate effective communication. Moreover, it would be beneficial to have the resume and cover letter beforehand whenever applying for a job. Naturally, the appearance is also no less important, as it should express your ability to carry the corporate image of the employer. Therefore, it is important to dress casual but elegant clothes.
The interview with Annie has helped me to improve my skills as a psychologist and personal advisor. I have understood the importance of self-determination and the support of the family in choosing one’s future career. I also have concluded that networking improves ones social skills since it helps one get authentic data about the advice that he or she is seeking. Therefore, before choosing one’s profession, it is necessary to be aware of personal strengths, weaknesses, and barriers. To make the best decision, one should get rid of barriers may defer or even completely prevent the dream from coming true. These steps will help a person to make the right choice and become psychologically mature and determined individual.

References
Barclay, S. R. (2011, September). Voluntary Midlife Career Change:
Integrating the Trans theoretical Model and the Life-Span, the Life-Space Approach. The Career Development Quarterly, 59(5), pp. 386-399. Retrieved from http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/j.2161-0045.2011.tb00966.x/full.
Brown, Duane (2002). Career Choice and Development. John Wiley & Sons, 560 pp.
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Holland, J. L. (1997). Making vocational choices: A theory of vocational personalities and
Work environments, 3rd Edition. Odessa, FL: Psychological Assessment Resources. Retrieved from http://psycnet.apa.org/record/1997-08980-000.
Reardon, R. C., Lenz J. (1999, August). Holland’s Theory and Career Assessment.
Journal of Vocational Behavior, 55(1), pp.102-113. Retrieved from http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0001879199917001.