HOW DOES BURNING FOSSIL FUELS INCREASE THE AVERAGE GLOBAL TEMPERATURE, AND HOW COULD THIS AFFECT HUMAN HEALTH? Why does a little extra carbon in the atmosphere increase the temperature? Anyway, isn't a warmer climate a good thing? Wouldn't that make for more pleasant weather, and make plants grow better? How could just a few degrees warmer cause violent weather patterns, or diminish species populations, or interfere with food production? How could climate change affect human disease rates? YOUR ANSWER SHOULD BE A COMPREHENSIVE RESPONSE TO THIS ISSUE. FULL CREDIT FOR THIS ASSIGNMENT WILL BE GIVEN TO THOSE WHO INCLUDE A DISCUSSION OF THE INFORMATION IN THE TEXTBOOK READINGS AS WELL AS THE SUPPLEMENTAL COURSE MATERIALS INCLUDED ON THIS PAGE. This assignment will be evaluated for your comprehension of the course materials, and will be graded based on the criteria in the grading rubric including: reference to the course materials, as well as detail, depth, and development of your points. Your passage should, therefore, include a comprehensive discussion of all or most of the significant and important points in the course materials that are relevant to this question. Be sure to cite your sources (i.e., make it clear where you got your information). Please remember that the purpose of the assignment is to demonstrate what you have learned from the course and how that knowledge informs your answer to this question. Your answer should be a minimum of 250 words. For further guidance in how to construct a proper argument for a scientific discussion, please read the guidance document I have posted, “Guidance for Written Assignments.” Resources https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3849278/ https://youtu.be/A7ktYbVwr90 https://mobile.nytimes.com/2016/09/04/science/flooding-of-coast-caused-by-global-warming-has-already-begun.html?hp&action=click&pgtype=Homepage&clickSource=story-heading&module=b-lede-package-region&region=top-news&WT.nav=top-news&_r=0&referer=

Climate Change
1. How does burning fossil fuels increase the average global temperature, and how could this affect human health?
Burning fossils leads to the production of Carbon (IV) Oxide. Carbon IV Oxide is then emitted into the atmosphere where it acts as an insulator hence preventing heat energy from the sun from bouncing back into the atmosphere. This is known as greenhouse effect. Greenhouse effect causes global warming by radiating heat back to the atmosphere which in turn results in an increase in global temperatures.
Global warming leads to melting of ice at Polar Regions (Bond, Doherty, and Fahey et al. 2013). This results in an increase in water sea level. An increase in Water Sea levels leads to flooding along the coastal region. Flooding produces results to physical injury for example from increased tides and also offers bleeding grounds for vector-borne diseases. In addition to that global warming leads to drought encroachment even to areas that were previously receiving enough rainfall. This leads to a decrease in food production which directly affects human population by causing increased incident rates of malnutrition among children. Increase in temperature also increases the rate of multiplication of microorganisms which escalates the burden of diseases (Seager, Naik and Vogel, 2012)
2. Why does a little extra carbon in the atmosphere increase the temperature?
It increases temperature by causing a greenhouse effect. In this case, rays of the sun are reflected back to the earth (Seager, Naik and Vogel, 2012). This, therefore, leads to an increased temperature. Carbon IV Oxide is among the gases known as greenhouse gases.
3. anyway, isn’t a warmer climate a good thing?
No, a warmer climate results in heat-burns which affect the health of the people. Warmer climate accelerates multiplication of disease-causing microorganisms which translates to a higher disease burden (Bond, Doherty, Fahey, et al. 2013)
4. Wouldn’t that make for more pleasant weather, and make plants grow better?
Yes, a warmer climate will result in an increase in vegetative matter of plants which will result in excess vegetative growth but it will increase growth for all the plants including weeds which will in-turn reduce the production
5. How could just a few degrees warmer cause violent weather patterns, or diminish species populations, or interfere with food production?
A warmer climate changes the temperature at that particular region hence resulting in a more change of average temperature required for the growth of plants (James, Makiko, and Valerie, 2013). This will result in a shift f plant species towards the poles hence affecting the economic activity of the population behind.
6. How could climate change affect human disease rates?
It will increase disease rates. There will be a higher prevalence of malnutrition and other disease-causing microorganisms will multiply faster hence causing an increase in disease burden flooding will cause an increased disease incidences especially water-borne diseases such as cholera outbreaks (James, Makiko, and Valerie, 2013)

References
Bond, T. Doherty, J. Fahey, W. et al. (2013) Bounding the role of black carbon in the climate system: a scientific assessment. J Geophys Res (in press).Retrieved from https://experts.umich.edu/en/publications/bounding-the-role-of-black-carbon-in-the-climate-system-a-scienti
James, H. Makiko, S. Valerie, M (2013) Assessing “Dangerous Climate Change”: Required Reduction of Carbon Emissions to Protect Young People, Future Generations, and Nature. 8(12):2013. Retrieved from https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3849278
Seager R, Naik N, Vogel L (2012) Does global warming cause intensified interannual hydroclimate variability? J Clim 25: 3355–3372 Retrieved from http://journals.ametsoc.org/doi/abs/10.1175/JCLI-D-11-00363.1