Depression is a feeling of intense hopelessness and despair and loss of interest in things that an individual enjoys doing most and may last for a while.

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ABSTRACT
Depression is a feeling of intense hopelessness and despair and loss of interest in things that an individual enjoys doing most and may last for a while.
Depression is majorly characterized by sadness. However, this feeling is accompanied by fatigue, a lot of guilt, excessive sleeping almost on a daily basis, loss of pleasure in most of the activities, restlessness, recurring thoughts of death and on being experienced for a while, major weight loss may be experienced. Similarly, a lot of frustration and anger may be noticed in such individuals (Costello, 1993).
The major treatment for depression is medication and talk therapy or both. Medication is mainly administered when the situations in its advanced stages and the common kind of medicine used are antidepressants that include: selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors such as citalopram, fluoxetine and escitalopram and they are used to reduce the amount of stress experienced by the individual (Ainsworth, 2000).
Talk therapy is the most effective method of treating various kinds of mild depression. This involves enabling the individual to accept the situation in which he is in and finding a way of letting go. Antidepressants on the other hand have various health challenges which include but not limiting to nausea and vomiting, depending on the individual taking the drugs.
This paper will be an analysis of the effectiveness of using the talk therapy to treat the ailment, this is in the regard that it has been tested and approved that this is the most effective way of treating depression ailment and it can be effectively controlled, however, it is not clear on to what extent the treatment has been effective (Beresford, 2011).
INTRODUCTION
LITERATURE REVIEW
Depression is not a disease per se but a condition of the mind. There is no type of viral infection involved in this kind of ailment, but in most cases it is the turn of events that will result in this kind of disease.
The major cause of depressive disorder is not known by major researchers; however it is believed that it is linked to some chemical variations in the brain, and problems with a person’s genetic makeup. Never the less, this does not limit to a combination of both causing the disorder.
Depression involves brain’s delicate chemicals known as: neurotransmitters. These are used by the body to transmit messages between the nerve cells in the brain. These neurotransmitters are accorded with the ability of generating the correct mood of an individual (Berne, 2007). Insufficient amounts of neurotransmitters in the system will consequently result in depression. The types of neurotransmitters that are associated to depression include: dopamine, serotonin, nonrepinephrine, acetylcholine, and gamma-aminobutyric acid. It has been conclusively determined that some hormonal system abnormalities also result in depression disorder.
Research has generally shown that an individual who has shown that anybody who has a genetic makeup that is vulnerable to bipolar disorder can easily get affected by depression.
Two major forms of treatment are used in administering this kind of disease. This is the use of antidepressants and talk therapy the most effective method being the talk therapy. The antidepressants can only be used alongside the talk therapy, but the talk therapy can be used independently (Costello, 1993). There are various methods of talk therapy that can be applied to achieve the most appropriate results. The correct method to be used is guided by the nature and complications involved in the disease. They include cognitive behavioral therapy that teaches people on how to deal with negative thoughts and develop problem solving skills, psychotherapy that involves a person understand the issue behind the negative thoughts and feelings. Other minor depressant talk therapies include St. John’s Wort and Acupunture that may help relieve minor depressions but not in major cases (Forsell, 2007).
RESEARCH QUESTION
The talk therapy involved in treating this kind of ailment is meant to cover both the symptoms and the disease itself. However, the occurrence of one results in the occurrence of the other. This is in line with the reasoning that, it being a condition of the mind, by being able to convince the brain to have a different perspective of the circumstances of the actions, it will consequently treat the symptoms (Hales, 1989). In addition to the treatment having addressed the cause of the disease it implies that in case of future instances of such a case, the individual will have learnt on how best to deal with the circumstances that come by it and control the situation.
METHODS
RESEARCH METHOD
Considering this type of ailment is behavioral in nature, it is in order to use the observation method. It may be argued that this is an assumption method, as it does not involve getting the exact information on the occurrences in the current circumstances but how the individual perceives it. This hence calls for the application of an interview method to get some solid information that will be proven or disapproved after the required observations have been made.
This is the most appropriate method as the information obtained is first hand and it can hence be presumed to be the exact information required (Hammen, 1997). Considering the budget size of the project, using this method of data collection can result in minimization of the cost of the project. Similarly, since it is a personal responsibility to collect the data and use it appropriately, it is easier and more convenient to collect the data and it will be done with the highest level of professionalism.
RECRUITMENT METHOD
This is one of the most critical parts in the research. This is the source of final information needed to make the best decision necessary. With the proper first hand source of information implies that we will get the best outcome and results thereto.
The best procedure to ensure that we get the best recruit is to first educate them on the need of having the relevant information and the benefits accruing in their faithful participation. Systematic sampling too is an appropriate method of getting the best persons that can provide the expected outcome (Kim, 1999).
EVALUATION OF RISKS AND BENEFITS
To effectively and most appropriately evaluate the collected data and attach some meaning to it, it is in order that we have enough and relevant background information. This information is relevant in being able to analyze and disseminate the correct results. This is very fundamental as it ensures that the correct conclusion is reached.
During the data collection process various challenges such as human and environmental challenges may affect the collection of information. Some of the human factors that may result include hostile responses, language barrier, the level of literacy, and the beliefs and cultural practices of the society.
Hostility of the recipient may be controlled by properly choosing the correct individuals and if possible educate them a little on the benefits of the research and the reasoning behind carrying out the research. Language barrier will be effectively addressed by having a translator in place that will act as a communication intermediary (Roy, 2005). This should most probably be a professional in the health field. The level of literacy can easily be dealt with by using simple and easy to understand terms that are easily comprehended by the recipient and that will be respond to with ease. Verbal communication is very significant in this instance. The cultural beliefs and practices can be addressed by selecting the right individuals for the job.
CONSENT PROCEDURE
There are various considerations that are best applied in ensuring that we get the best output, however, to ensure full commitment to serving with the best information, it is in order that we get their consent. To achieve the consent, a well elaborate document and appreciation should be developed to ensure that they are committed in their remarks. By having a written document with the individual, it is a sign of seriousness and a lot of commitment in their dealings and increases the level of trustworthiness.
PROBLEM ENCOUNTERED
During the research process, various challenges may be faced such as, language barriers, illiteracy, cultures and traditions of the society, and lack of the relevant information. We have conclusively analyzed these factors, however, there more other challenges that may be faced. This includes: lack of adequate resources to carry on the research. This may be as a consequence of experiencing some unforeseen hardships such as bad weather that will necessitate use of expensive means of transport, accidents, loss of resources through robbery, and also loss of data that will necessitate that new data be collected a new (Silverstein, and Nunn, 1997).
RESULTS
This will be a complete summation of all the happenings throughout the research process. Various opinions are to be collected from different personalities. These are responses to relevant questions that have been prepared to the appropriate personalities. Questions to be asked depend on the nature of the person’s set back and the measures that were taken during the treatment process – whether both medicinal and therapy were applied to cure them or one of them (Craske, 2012).
In instances when antidepressants were employed to cure the ailment, it is impliedly noted that talk therapy was used too. These are cases where by the severity of the depression is believed to have gone beyond the normal levels and consequently requires that long term treatment is administered. In this case both treatment methods are being applied, however, we are aiming majorly to get the responses of the talk therapy. In this case, we expect to hear instances like: since their first experience and treatment on the depression ailment, they have developed a mechanism of quickly and with a lot of ease accepting the situation and endeavoring to ensure that they are not affected by such ch`allenges (Negri, 1994). The therapy should have also helped them to foresee a similar situation occurring in the near future and either avoid the situation or develop a mechanism to ensure that they can sort the issue at hand with ease. Since such therapies last for a very long time, it will usually have a very long term effect on the patient. By him/her receiving regular advice and insight on how to deal with such similar circumstances in the near future, he is able to receive some advice on various minor challenging occurrences during the therapy period, and they get to benefit from the therapy adequately. It is expected to get responses such as: “it was a great life changing experience, very many lessons were learnt during the whole exercise and we had a lot of time with the therapist. Occasionally, situations faced during the time we were away could be shared out and this helped in a significant way, by providing a wider scope of skills that can be benefiting in the near future.
In minor depression cases, only the talk therapy is involved in ensuring that the patient learns to accept the situation as it is and deal with similar challenges in the near future. In this case, I expect responses that are very shallow and involve a smaller number of opinions (Peteet, 2012). I expect quotes like “it was a great experience though the lesson learnt was only on how I can treat myself when matrimonial challenges occur.”
DISCUSSION
This study was majorly aimed at determining the effectiveness of the talk therapy. It has been out rightly clear that with this kind of treatment on depression patients; it has enabled patients to earn hands on experience on how to deal with similar situations in the near future (Depression Center: Symptoms, Causes, Medications, and Therapies. Retrieved October 8, 2014). It not only helps them get cured of their ailment but also to trains them on how best they can advice another individual with similar challenges, without much effort.
The challenges faced during the therapy exercise were not conclusively covered and they required that both the therapist and patient be present to properly analyze the information.
In the near future, it is recommended that questionnaires be encompassed in the research process (NIMH RSS. Retrieved October 9, 2014. This will provide a wide scope of information on various challenges faced since it requires relatively lesser time to fill and it can be done at the same time, unlike interviews that need personal involvement. This is however quite expensive hence it will require that a larger budget is used.

References
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