Visual Perception Disorders
The occipital lobe of the brain is responsible for processing stimuli and visual information. It is in the occipital lobe that the primary visual cortex is located. Therefore damage to the occipital lobe results to visual issues whereby an individual is not able to recognize objects, words and other physical entities presented to the individual. Prosopagnosia is one condition that emanates from the damage of the primary visual cortex that is located in the occipital lobe. Prosopagnosia is a cognitive issue that inhibits an individual’s ability to recognize faces that are familiar to him or even at times unable to recognize own face.
Though it is common for people to mistake visual information Prosopagnosia encompasses a severe situation whereby a person is not even able to recognize the most familiar faces that he or she interacts with every day. For instance, an individual with Prosopagnosia is unable to recognize the face of their spouse and even the children.
Kucian (2017) in his article postulates that Prosopagnosia occurs in the form of an acquired or congenital disorder. In this case, acquired Prosopagnosia is caused by severe damage to the occipital lobe. Congenital Prosopagnosia is caused by the inability of the occipital lobe to develop fully. Children with autism usually exhibit Prosopagnosia. The article offers insightful contemporary research findings on Prosopagnosia as a disorder that has remained unclear over the years.
Impacts of Prosopagnosia to an individual
The most significant effect of Prosopagnosia that affects individuals in all the social domains is poor interaction with colleagues. Poor face recognition results to lack of interpersonal relationships. Consequently, an individual with Prosopagnosia is usually at risk of anxiety, career damage, depression as well as embarrassment.
Kucian, K. (2017). The Importance of Central-Visual Perception Disorders for Dyslexia and Dyscalculia. Neuropediatrics, 48(S 01), S1-S45. http://dx.doi.org/10.1055/s-0037-1602891