A motion sensor light will help reduce any fear of invasion or insecurity due to tot he ability to light a backyard or a garage in case it senses a motion it may also earn the fear of navigation through a dark night whenever you come home late at night.

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How to install and monitor a motion sensor
A motion sensor light will help reduce any fear of invasion or insecurity due to tot he ability to light a backyard or a garage in case it senses a motion it may also earn the fear of navigation through a dark night whenever you come home late at night. It will be safer the moment motions are heard at your doorstep and the light goes on. Motion detectors or sensors are small eyes capable of detecting infrared tides. When the detector senses any movement of an object within its field of view, especially warmer objects, including humans, motor vehicles and animals, the lights automatically turn on the light. The light can stay on from between one minute to twenty minutes depending on the user setting. The sensor can then automatically turn off the light unless it detects further movements and motions. During daylight, the photocell is able to sense sunlight and deactivates the motion-sensing light. The object detector light has a field of view of up to 240 degrees coupled with a distance range stretching up to 7ft detectable by the motion sensor (Hearing, 2014). The motion detector will sense your dog’s movement, a car, an intruding animal or anything swept by the wind. Through consistent research and development, engineering works have been focusing on developing motion sensors to help improve service delivery and efficiency in different fields. The committee on new sensor technology has been tasked with the mandate to develop materials that could help in the manufacturing field as well as in the advanced systems in the aeronautical department to help with the efficiencies that are likely to increase chances of high payoffs (Gimzewsk et al. 2014). The goal of this manual is to educate on the necessary steps to install and how better to benefit from the sensor technology.
Materials and resources
For effective illustration, it is important to have the following materials
A sample of motion detector
4-in-1 screwdriver
A wire cutter or stripper
The right size of an electric box
A ladder
Before the installation of a motion detector, it is necessary to consider the following factors;
Unnecessary trips or blowing wind can fool the detector hence turning on the motion lights when not necessary, this can be annoying, therefore, it is important to ensure the motion detectors are strategically placed, and when necessary the field of view and distance range adequately adjusted (Lion, 2013). The field of view can also be reduced, applying a tape to the sensor is an adequate way to reduce the field of view. If nuisance trips are a concern, then it is necessary to buy a light with an adjustable distance range setting and a detector that is aimable.
How to install motion sensor lights
Step 1: Shut off Electricity

Fig. 1 (DIY Experts, 2015). How to Choose and Install Motion Sensor Lighting. The family handyman Magazine
Turn off electricity to the fixture on the main control, test the wires to ensure that there is no flowing current. Brush one lead of a voltage tester against the earth wire and another lead against the hot wire (black), then against the neutral wire (white). In case the tester lights on then it’s an indication that the power is still on, turn off the correct switch from the main control.
Step 2: Install a larger box

Fig. 2 (DIY Experts, 2015). How to Choose and Install Motion Sensor Lighting. The family handyman Magazine
In the next step, in case there is a small existing box it is necessary to replace it. The size requirements are outlined in every motion sensor, the plastic boxes have their sizes stamped on them in cubic meters.
Step 3: Wire the fresh appliance

Fig. 3 (DIY Experts, 2015). How to Choose and Install Motion Sensor Lighting. The family handyman Magazine

When mounting the motion detector, it is necessary to follow closely the supplier’s instructions, do not use different instructions to install a different motor sensor. Ensure you run the wires through the rubber gasoline, after which connect the neutral wires (white) together, the hot wires (black) and the ground wires earth (green) with the available wire connectors.
Step 4: Mount the appliance

Fig. 4 (DIY Experts, 2015). How to Choose and Install Motion Sensor Lighting. The family handyman Magazine
Use the screwdriver, drive in the screws in place, ensure the rubber gasoline thoroughly seals off the edges of the box such that moisture cannot get in. For safety measures, you can apply silicone caulk on the edges.
Step 5: Aim of the safety light sensor

Fig. 5 (DIY Experts, 2015).How to Choose and Install Motion Sensor Lighting. The family handyman Magazine
Ensure the motion detector and light sensor are aimed at the field of view of interest. To reduce the field of view you can aim the detector lower especially if nuisance motions are a problem. Aim the light bulb to the exact area you want to be lit in case of intrusion. It is important to keep the bulb away from the detector as far as possible.
Step 6: Set the controls

Fig. 6 (DIY Experts, 2015). How to Choose and Install Motion Sensor Lighting. The family handyman Magazine
As desired, the user can set the sensor distance range, later, to minimize nuisance trips, you can further reduce the distance of view. Another necessary setting is shutoff timer control. The user can better decide which time intervals are preferred, there exists a range from 1 minute to 20 minutes or more.
Step 7: Minimize the field of view

Fig. 7 (DIY Experts, 2015). How to Choose and Install Motion Sensor Lighting The family handyman Magazine
To effectively manage the field of view, consider covering the lens of the light sensor with plastic tape. You can make adjustments as it suits your purpose. Overall, the plastic tape is a good way to narrow the field of view.
Caution and warnings
1. Do not let your ladder or body touch the overhead power lines while working.
2. Aluminium wiring needs specialized care or handling, if you are not specialized in handling aluminium wire, call in an expert who is licensed in dealing with aluminium wire. The wiring is dull grey and not the usual dull orange as is common.
Size requirement for your electrical box
It is necessary to consider the size of your electrical box, a shallow box, like the box shown in figure one, is no longer required for effective code requirements, therefore it had to be replaced with the larger new one in figure two.
The computation table shown offers an illustration of how to calculate the minimum box size requirements. To compute, count the number of wires coming into the box, although, there are other things which are not wires but are calculated as wires.
Additional installation tips
• The covering material of an outdoor electric box should be waterproof. Ensure the gasoline rubber is thoroughly fixed. If it is placed on a rough surface, it is necessary to caulk it further.
• Since moisture can easily ruin the sensor, it is necessary to locate the sensor under an eave or purchase a sensor with bulb seals. Ensure the sensor is angled downwards so that water does not run into the electric socket.
• The heat from the light bulb can easily confuse the sensor and light up the bulb further, therefore, the bulb and the sensor should be placed further away from the other.
• To avoid nuisance motions from normal trips, adjust the angle of field of view as well as the distance range of the sensor.
Motion sensors are easy to install although every brand has a little difference from the other, so read the installation details written in the box, read the box before purchasing the gadget to understand what you are getting. There is explicitly helpful information related to installation inside the box.
The figures above are only a tip of how best to install the motion sensors, the tips are offered by a team of experts and a general guide on how to do the job. Most of the time, you will be doing a replacement of an old gadget with a new one, therefore, ensure you turn the power off before starting the process.
Even though, in case you have to install a new power line before installation of the switch, it can be a little more complicated. Outdoor electrical wires must be covered with the correct conduit especially to be waterproof. In case you are not familiar with running circuits, it is necessary to call in an expert who is privy with the installation (Lion, 201).
It is also difficult to work with an old electrical box, most of the time they do not have an underground wire or a metal conduit. National electrical codes dictate that fixtures and electric boxes should be grounded. If you are not certain whether yours are, then consult a professional to make this determination.
Glossary/Definition of terms
Motion sensor; the main device that detects when someone is within perimeters and signals through a light.
Field of view; open observable region, through which someone can see through.
Caulk; materials used to seal joints to stop leakages.

References
DIY Experts (2015). How to Choose and Install Motion Sensor Lighting. The family handyman Magazine. September 12, 2015.
Gimzewski, J.K., C. Gerber, and E. Meyer. (2014). Observations of a chemical reaction using a micromechanical sensor. Chemical Physics Letters 217(5/6):589.
Hearing B. (2014). Does It Pay to Install a Motion Sensor Inside of the House? Homeowners Insurance. June 4, 2014
Lion, K.S. (2013). Transducers—problems and prospects. IEEE Transactions on Industrial Electronics 16(1):2–5.