2.      All of the following are conditions that may lead to groupthink occurring EXCEPT a.                the ability of all members to step into the role of group leader at a given time b.                stressful internal and external characteristics of the situation c.                high cohesiveness among group members

Part III. Multiple Choice Questions. These questions focus on your Week 5 work.

 

Groupthink(5 points).Highlight the correct answer.

 

1.      Cohesiveness of the group may emerge as a problem because

 

a.                cohesiveness is generally experienced in the same manner across groups, and the results of cohesion can be generalized from one group to another

b.                in highly cohesive groups, members generally feel dissatisfied with the group experience and other group members

c.                highly cohesive groups sometimes exert great pressure on their members to conform to the group’s standards.

d.                cohesiveness typically results in group members resisting the temptation to conform

 

2.      All of the following are conditions that may lead to groupthink occurring EXCEPT

 

a.                the ability of all members to step into the role of group leader at a given time

b.                stressful internal and external characteristics of the situation

c.                high cohesiveness among group members

d.                lack of decision-making procedures established within the group

 

3.      Group members who shield the group from adverse information are

 

a.                conscientious objectors

b.                self-appointed mindguards

c.                dissenters

d.                opinion leaders

 

4.      As the decision whether to launch a new product to prevent tooth decay was being debated, one of the product development specialists commented, “What a great product! We have created something that will help Americans maintain the enamel on their teeth. I don’t know why those health critics are accusing us of putting a potentially harmful product out on the market. After all, our goal is to help people, not to hurt them. We’re interested in doing what is in the best interest of the public.” She has demonstrated which of the following symptoms of groupthink?

 

a.                illusion of invulnerability

b.                out-group stereotypes

c.                belief in the inherent morality of the group

d.                collective rationalization