1) Analyzing any two dialogues within Lucian’s “Dialogues of the Gods” explain what, in your opinion, is the Narrator’s characterization of the gods. Discuss. Make sure to include at least four small quotations from the dialogues. 2) In Lucian’s “Dialogues” dialogue takes place in odd locations –the moon and the underworld, and with unconventional beings –the gods and the dead. Discuss the significance of these uncommon perspectives in the dialogues. Make sure to include at least four small quotations from the dialogues. 3) Philosophers feel that dialogue is relational, that its success depends on both, participation and respect from the people in it. How is this so in “The Book of Job” and The Decameron. Discuss and include specific examples from the text(s) of your analysis.

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Response question one: Lucian’s Dialogues of the Gods
Lucian of Samosata was a renowned Greek satirist who lived in the Greek literary period commonly known as the second sophistic. In his literary oeuvres, Lucian explores important and deep notions of the relationship between the gods and the living as well as the dead. According to Lucian, the gods are the supreme beings with supernatural powers that cannot be afforded by the human beings. When Lucian wrote the Dialogues of the Gods, this was a time the Greek revolution was at its apogee, and therefore there were numerous myths surrounding the gods and their relationships with man. In most of the geek cultures, man sought help from the god, and if the mortal man defied any orders from the gods, he or she would face a wrath of the gods commonly known as the hubris. It was also considered an abomination to talk ill or negative about gods. However, in Dialogues of the Gods, Lucian seems to offer a critical criticism to the Greek gods by exposing some of their mistakes and weaknesses.
Lucian in Dialogues of the Gods describes the role of the immortal deities and their absurdity. Some of these gods that are central to Lucian include Zeus, Hera, Hermes, Aphrodite, Athena, and Poseidon. According to Lucian, these gods are sex-obsessed and contradictory creatures whose character traits can be related to the normal human beings. This sex obsession is evident or instance when Zeus tells Ganymede, “Come now Ganymede. We’ve got there, so you can give me a kiss right away, and you’ll know”(281).
Lucian’s perception of the gods is a deviation from what most authors of the time described these gods. In a way, the Greeks viewed the gods as highly superior beings that were supposed to be accorded all respect and needed to be worshipped by the human beings will all the might.
In my opinion, Lucian gives the deities a revealing sense of view where they are presented in relation to the real world issues. By exposing the scandals of the god, Olympian Lucian reveals that this god is involved in major social evils and immorality. According to Lucian, it is ironical for the people to continue to worship deities with such high degree of weaknesses. The Jealousy and even the sexual obsession of the gods is evident when Zeus commands Hermes to kill Argus so that they can finally have Inachus, the girl whom they refer to as being extremely beautiful. “You must fly down to Nemea—Argus is on his beat thereabouts—and kill him”(267). In this case, Zeus is portrayed as an evil god who despite being a god is willing to kill, to have his mission succeed. This is contrary to what might be expected of the gods. Deities according to Lucian should be extraordinary people who lead and don’t mislead the worshippers. It is upon this backdrop that Lucian describes the Greek gods as weak.
When Zeus returns in the divine world Hera confronts him, “It’s bad enough and quite out of place for you, the master of all gods, to desert me, your lawful wife, and go down to earth, turning into gold or satyr or bull, to commit adultery”(269). The husband-wife confrontation and the issues of unfaithfulness also dominate the lives of the gods. It is evident from Hera’s anger that Zeus despite being the master of all the gods is unfaithful to his wife. According to Lucian deities should govern the moral authority of the society, and since infidelity is an abomination, Zeus does not even deserve to lecture the human beings on family life. Such weaknesses are also evident in human beings, and therefore it is ironical that the immortal gods are exhibiting the same traits that the mortal beings possess.
I think Lucian intended to bring a new conversation in the degree society should approach the road concept o religion. Apparently, particularly when it comes to the worship and religious beliefs most Greeks had become blind and worshipped their gods without questioning. Lucian in a way believed that the Greeks had been blinded by these gods and had become slaves of religious practices and beliefs. Lucian achieves this by depriving the gods their sensational perceptions that other authors give them. Seemingly, the gods take advantage of the believers by expecting them to act in certain moral ways whereas the gods act contrary to these moral expectations. Zeus reveals this when he says,
“What? Do you still remember every time I went down to earth to have some fun? Do you know what I think we should do with Ixion? We shouldn’t punish him or forbid him our table. That would be ill-bred” (279). From the above quote, I presume that Lucian exposes such weaknesses of Greeks gods purposely to allow the people understand that these gods take advantage of the human being by posing to be holy and superior yet they bear the same weaknesses as human beings.
Overall, Lucian’s dialogues of the gods remains an insightful I since it alienates itself from the prejudices, blindness and the biases that most authors tend to associate with the deities. This literary oeuvre to my opinion immensely changed the manner in which the Greeks viewed religion. In away Lucian’s emphasis was on religion as a way of salvaging the people from their sins, iniquities and other burdens and nit a form of slavery. The difference between the human beings and the gods should not just be evident through supremacy, but also it should be evaluated on the overall ways of life. Therefore, if the gods deserve to be worshipped by the human beings, they should act as role models whom the normal people can emulate. However, if they make similar mistakes as the human beings, then they are equal to man and therefore should not be worshiped.
According to me, the most prominent question that Lucian seeks to answer is “what is a Greek god.” Lucian wants to critically assess the meaning of a true and that of a false god. He wants the Greeks to comprehend that religion is a conscious process that people need to engage in when they have already defined what it entails and how worship should be conducted. While Lucian admits that there are various forms of human interactions with divinity he postulates that the interaction with the antiquity may at time blind the worshippers. At this point, I think Lucian wants to probe the Greeks as well as the other readers on the factors to consider before they put their trust and worship to a certain deity. He describes these gods as unreliable and misleading at times. Just like there are good people and bad people the same thing applies to the deities. Some gods may be a source of blessing while others may be a source of curse and predicaments.

Works cited
RELIHAN, JOEL C. “Vainglorious Menippus In Lucian’s ‘Dialogues of the Dead.’” Illinois Classical Studies, vol. 12, no. 1, 1987, pp. 185–206. JSTOR, JSTOR, www.jstor.org/stable/23064317.